This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Professionalism is an important feature of the professional jobs. Dynamic nature and the various interpretations of this term lead to multiple definitions of this concept. The aim of this paper is to identify the core attributes of the nursing professionalism.
In this lesson, we wish to ask: How did observations in nature lead to the formulation of the theory of evolution? What are the main points of Darwin's theory of evolution? How does the process of natural selection work?
What evidence do we have for local adaptation? How can natural selection affect the frequency of traits over successive generations? The R Evolution of Theory The theory of evolution is one of the great intellectual revolutions of human history, drastically changing our perception of the world and of our place in it.
Charles Darwin put forth a coherent theory of evolution and amassed a great body of evidence in support of this theory.
In Darwin's time, most scientists fully believed that each organism and each adaptation was the work of the creator. Linneaus established the system of biological classification that we use today, and did so in the spirit of cataloguing God's creations.
In other words, all of the similarities and dissimilarities among groups of organisms that are the result of the branching process creating the great tree of life see Figure 1were viewed by early 19th century philosophers and scientists as a consequence of omnipotent design.
A phylogenetic "tree of life" constructed by computer analysis of cyochrome c molecules in the organisms shown; there are as many different trees of life as there are methods of analysis for constructing them. However, by the 19th Century, a number of natural historians were beginning to think of evolutionary change as an explanation for patterns observed in nature.
The following ideas were part of the intellectual climate of Darwin's time. No one knew how old the earth was, but geologists were beginning to make estimates that the earth was considerably older than explained by biblical creation.
Geologists were learning more about strata, or layers formed by successive periods of the deposition of sediments. This suggested a time sequence, with younger strata overlying older strata.
A concept called uniformitarianismdue largely to the influential geologist Charles Lyell, undertook to decipher earth history under the working hypothesis that present conditions and processes are the key to the past, by investigating ongoing, observable processes such as erosion and the deposition of sediments.
Discoveries of fossils were accumulating during the 18th and 19th centuries. At first naturalists thought they were finding remains of unknown but still living species. As fossil finds continued, however, it became apparent that nothing like giant dinosaurs was known from anywhere on the planet.
Furthermore, as early asCuvier pointed out that the deeper the strata, the less similar fossils were to existing species. Similarities among groups of organisms were considered evidence of relatedness, which in turn suggested evolutionary change.
Darwin's intellectual predecessors accepted the idea of evolutionary relationships among organisms, but they could not provide a satisfactory explanation for how evolution occurred.
Lamarck is the most famous of these. Inhe proposed organic evolution as the explanation for the physical similarity among groups of organisms, and proposed a mechanism for adaptive change based on the inheritance of acquired characteristics.
He wrote of the giraffe: This habit sustained for long, has had the result in all members of its race that the forelegs have grown longer than the hind legs and that its neck has become so stretched, that the giraffe, without standing on its hind legs, lifts its head to a height of six meters.
Larmarck was incorrect in the hypothesized mechanism, of course, but his example makes clear that naturalists were thinking about the possibility of evolutionary change in the early 's. Darwin was influenced by observations made during his youthful voyage as naturalist on the survey ship Beagle.
On the Galapagos Islands he noticed the slight variations that made tortoises from different islands recognizably distinct.
He also observed a whole array of unique finches, the famous "Darwin's finches," that exhibited slight differences from island to island.The Evolution Revolution - Why Thinking People are Rethinking the Theory of Evolution.
The top problems with evolution explained using scientific evidence against evolution. In the creation evolution controversy, it is clear not only that the theory of evolution is wrong, the theory of evolution is false, but that the theory of evolution is a lie.
While a good portion of the wold's population has already made up their minds, evolutionists are still searching for new evidence proving evolution over the more common and realistic belief of the Christian God. All Christians admit that evolutionists have far more evidence and information.
Evolution & Creation science Why biological & geological scientists disagree with religious conservatives. Analysis and critique of the concept of Natural Selection (and of the neoDarwinian theory of evolution) in respect (Part 1) to its suitability as part of Modernism’s origination myth, as well as (Part 2) .
This concept analysis is based on an evolutionary approach developed by Rogers. The concept of professionalization is associated with nursing knowledge. This approach with the presentation of a theoretical definition of nursing professionalization is used as a basic starter.