I am aware that some suffragists do not share this belief; they see no signs nor symptoms today which were not present yesterday; no manifestations in the year which differ significantly from those in the year To them, the movement has been a steady, normal growth from the beginning and must so continue until the end.
Suffragists knew it before November 4, ; opponents afterward. Three distinct causes made it inevitable. First, the history of our country. Ours is a nation born of revolution, of rebellion against a system of government so securely entrenched in the customs and traditions of human society that in it seemed impregnable.
From the beginning of things, nations had been ruled by kings and for kings, while the people served and paid the cost. The American Revolutionists boldly proclaimed the heresies: Eighty years after the Revolution, Abraham Lincoln welded those two maxims into a new one: Not one American has arisen to question their logic in the years of our national existence.
However stupidly our country may have evaded the logical application at times, it has never swerved from its devotion to the theory of democracy as expressed by those two axioms With such a history behind it, how can our nation escape the logic it has never failed to follow, when its last un-enfranchised class calls for the vote?
Behold our Uncle Sam floating the banner with one hand, "Taxation without representation is tyranny," and with the other seizing the billions of dollars paid in taxes by women to whom he refuses "representation. Is there a single man who can justify such inequality of treatment, such outrageous discrimination?
Second, the suffrage for women already established in the United States makes women suffrage for the nation inevitable. When Elihu Root, as president of the American Society of International Law, at the eleventh annual meeting in Washington, April 26,said, "The world cannot be half democratic and half autocratic.
It must be all democratic or all Prussian.
There can be no compromise," he voiced a general truth. Precisely the same intuition has already taught the blindest and most hostile foe of woman suffrage that our nation cannot long continue a condition under which government in half its territory rests upon the consent of half of the people and in the other half upon the consent of all the people; a condition which grants representation to the taxed in half of its territory and denies it in the other half a condition which permits women in some states to share in the election of the president, senators, and representatives and denies them that privilege in others.
It is too obvious to require demonstration that woman suffrage, now covering half our territory, will eventually be ordained in all the nation.
No one will deny it. The only question left is when and how will it be completely established. Third, the leadership of the United States in world democracy compels the enfranchisement of its own women.
The maxims of the Declaration were once called "fundamental principles of government. Not a people, race, or class striving for freedom is there anywhere in the world that has not made our axioms the chief weapon of the struggle. More, all men and women the world around, with farsighted vision into the verities of things, know that the world tragedy of our day is not now being waged over the assassination of an archduke, nor commercial competition, nor national ambitions, nor the freedom of the seas.
It is a death grapple between the forces which deny and those which uphold the truths of the Declaration of Independence Do you realize that in no other country in the world with democratic tendencies is suffrage so completely denied as in a considerable number of our own states?
There are thirteen black states where no suffrage for women exists, and fourteen others where suffrage for women is more limited than in many foreign countries.
Do you realize that when you ask women to take their cause to state referendum you compel them to do this: Do you realize that such anomalies as a college president asking her janitor to give her a vote are overstraining the patience and driving women to desperation? Do you realize that women in increasing numbers indignantly resent the long delay in their enfranchisement?
Your party platforms have pledged women suffrage. Then why not be honest, frank friends of our cause, adopt it in reality as your own, make it a party program, and "fight with us"?
As a party measure -- a measure of all parties -- why not put the amendment through Congress and the legislatures? We shall all be better friends, we shall have a happier nation, we women will be free to support loyally the party of our choice, and we shall be far prouder of our history.
The woman's hour has struck. If parties prefer to postpone action longer and thus do battle with this idea, they challenge the inevitable.
The idea will not perish; the party which opposes it may. Every delay, every trick, every political dishonesty from now on will antagonize the women of the land more and more, and when the party or parties which have so delayed woman suffrage finally let it come, their sincerity will be doubted and their appeal to the new voters will be met with suspicion.
This is the psychology of the situation. Can you afford the risk? We know you will meet opposition. There are a few "women haters" left, a few "old males of the tribe," as Vance Thompson calls them, whose duty they believe it to be to keep women in the places they have carefully picked out for them.Carrie Chapman Catt The Crisis.
delivered 7 September , Atlanta, Georgia. I have taken for my subject, “The Crisis,” because I believe that a crisis has come in our movement which, if recognized and the opportunity seized with vigor, enthusiasm and will, means the final victory of .
An Analysis of the Work by Carrie Chapman Catt and the Speech The Crisis. Go here for more about Carrie Chapman Catt. Go here for more about Carrie Chapman Catt's The Crisis Speech. Photo above: Library of Congress. It follows the full text transcript of Carrie Chapman Catt's The Crisis speech, delivered at Atlantic City, New Jersey - September 7, Catt uses an earthquake to describe the reaction of “organized society” to the idea that so much money was being poured into the war.
Catt stated "earthquake" would “bring untold changes in its wake” in the same way that women’s suffrage is such a change to society. American Speech Project Audience The audience in this speech is women Speaker The speaker is Carrie Chapman Catt The Crisis by Carrie Chapman Catt.
The Inevitable: An Analysis of Carrie Chapman Catt’s Address to the United States Congress () In November , Carrie Chapman Catt, leader of National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA), gave an address to the United States Congress expressing her belief that woman’s suffrage was inevitable, and requesting that .