Background[ edit ] In Septemberwhen Dostoevsky began work on what was to become The Idiot, he was living in Switzerland with his new wife Anna Grigoryevnahaving left Russia in order to escape his creditors. They were living in extreme poverty, and constantly had to borrow money or pawn their possessions.
Themes and style[ edit ] Manuscript of Demons Though sometimes described as a literary realista genre characterized by its depiction of contemporary life in its everyday reality, Dostoevsky saw himself as a "fantastic realist". It is this innovation, according to Bakhtin, that made the co-existence of disparate genres within an integrated whole artistically successful in Dostoevsky's case.
According to Bakhtin, Dostoyevsky revived satire as a genre combining comedy, fantasy, symbolism, adventure, and drama in which mental attitudes are personified. The short story Bobokfound in A Writer's Diaryis "one of the greatest menippeas in all world literature", but examples can also be found in The Dream of a Ridiculous Manthe first encounter between Raskolnikov and Sonja in Crime and Punishment, which is "an almost perfect Christianised menippea", and in "The Legend of the Grand Inquisitor".
According to his friend, the critic Nikolay Strakhov"All his attention was directed upon people, and he grasped at only their nature and character", and was "interested by people, people exclusively, with their state of soul, with the manner of their lives, their feelings and thoughts".
Philosopher Nikolai Berdyaev stated that he "is not a realist as an artist, he is an experimenter, a creator of an experimental metaphysics of human nature".
His characters live in an unlimited, irrealistic world, beyond borders and limits. Berdyaev remarks that "Dostoevsky reveals a new mystical science of man", limited to people "who have been drawn into the whirlwind". Among his first Gothic works was The Landlady. The stepfather's demonic fiddle and the mysterious seller in Netochka Nezvanova are Gothic-like.
Other aspects of the genre can be found in Crime and Punishmentfor example the dark and dirty rooms and Raskolnikov's Mephistophelian character, and in the descriptions of Nastasia Filippovna in The Idiot and Katerina Ivanovna in The Brothers Karamazov.
Toporov compares time and space in Dostoyevsky with film scenes: Mythopoesis in Dostoevsky and Agnon, call these elements "mythopoeic". The s—s marked a near-epidemic period of suicides in Russia, and many contemporary Russian authors wrote about suicide. Dostoyevsky's suicide victims and murderers are often unbelievers or tend towards unbelief: Disbelief in God and immortality and the influence of contemporary philosophies such as positivism and materialism are seen as important factors in the development of the characters' suicidal tendencies.
Dostoyevsky felt that a belief in God and immortality was necessary for human existence. The correspondence between them reveals Devushkin's tender, sentimental adoration for his relative and her confident, warm regard for him as they grapple with the bewildering and sometimes heartbreaking problems forced upon them by their lowly social positions.
Study Guide for Dostoevsky: The Short Fiction. Dostoevsky: The Short Fiction study guide contains a biography of Fyodor Dostoevsky, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. Fyodor Dostoyevsky, in full Fyodor Mikhaylovich Dostoyevsky, Dostoyevsky also spelled Dostoevsky, (born November 11 [October 30, Old profundity, and, indeed, Dostoyevsky is commonly regarded as one of the greatest psychologists in the history of literature. He specialized in the analysis of pathological states of mind that lead to insanity. Fyodor Dostoyevsky, in full Fyodor Mikhaylovich Dostoyevsky, indeed, Dostoyevsky is commonly regarded as one of the greatest psychologists in the history of literature. He specialized in the analysis of pathological states of mind that lead to insanity, murder, and suicide and in the exploration of the emotions of humiliation, self.
The novel was a success, with the influential critic Vissarion Belinsky calling it "Russia's first social novel ",  for its sympathetic depiction of poor and downtrodden people.
Unlike the first novel, The Double was not well received by critics. Belinsky commented that the work had "no sense, no content and no thoughts", and that the novel was boring due to the protagonist's garrulity, or tendency towards verbal diarrhoea. The first three parts of his unfinished novel Netochka Nezvanova chronicle the trials and tribulations of Netochka, stepdaughter of a second-class fiddler, while in " A Christmas Tree and a Wedding ", Dostoyevsky switches to social satire.
Like many young writers, he was "not fully convinced of his own creative faculty, yet firmly believed in the correctness of his critical judgement. Characters from the three Abrahamic religions —Judaism, Islam and Christianity— appear in it, and while the Jewish character Isay Fomich and characters affiliated with the Orthodox Church and the Old Believers are depicted negatively, the Muslims Nurra and Aley from Dagestan are depicted positively.
Aley is later educated by reading the Bible, and shows a fascination for the altruistic message in Christ's Sermon on the Mountwhich he views as the ideal philosophy. Later, he wrote about his reluctance to remove religious themes from the book, stating, "The censor pigs have passed everything where I scoffed at everything and, on the face of it, was sometimes even blasphemous, but have forbidden the parts where I demonstrated the need for belief in Christ from all this".
The Eternal Husband and " The Meek One " describe the relationship between a man and woman in marriage, the first chronicling the manipulation of a husband by his wife; the latter the opposite.Aug 23, · I implore all of you to get a meal or a drink of your choice and enjoy today's analysis because I have been going insane for Russian classics.
Let . The Brothers Karamazov study guide contains a biography of Fyodor Dostoevsky, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
Bloom, Harold, ed. Fyodor Dostoevsky. New York: Chelsea House, New York: Chelsea House, Essays on all of Dostoevski’s major novels as well as on his treatment of heroes and nihilism. Dostoevsky was almost successful in creating the "perfectly good man" in The idiot.
Myshkin is indeed "perfectly good," but the question of whether or not he is truly a man is at the core of the book's tragedy. Notes from Underground is a novella by Fyodor Dostoevsky that was first published in Study Guide for Dostoevsky: The Short Fiction.
Dostoevsky: The Short Fiction study guide contains a biography of Fyodor Dostoevsky, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.