Concerned that France would block British access to the eastern Mediterranean and thereby threaten critical trade routes to India, the British navy collaborated with Ottoman authorities to evict French troops from Egypt. From this episode until decolonization in the mid- twentieth century, British policies in the region reflected the interplay of Great Power rivalries and the balancing of strategic and economic interests. This essay surveys the history of British imperialism in the Middle East by examining four major periods of interaction:
Burma was separated from India and directly administered by the British Crown from until its independence in The Trucial States of the Persian Gulf and the states under the Persian Gulf Residency were theoretically princely states as well as Presidencies and provinces of British India until and used the rupee as their unit of currency.
Ceylon was part of Madras Presidency between and British India and the Princely States[ edit ] Main articles: The expression "British India" shall mean all territories and places within Her Majesty's dominions which are for the time being governed by Her Majesty through the Governor-General of India or through any governor or other officer subordinates to the Governor-General of India.
The expression "India" shall mean British India together with any territories of any native prince or chief under the suzerainty of Her Majesty exercised through the Governor-General of India, or through any governor or other officer subordinates to the Governor-General of India.
The passports issued by the British Indian government had the words "Indian Empire" on the cover and "Empire of India" on the inside.
Suzerainty over princely states, some of the largest and most important, was exercised in the name of the British Crown by the central government of British India under the Viceroy ; the remaining approximately states were dependents of the provincial governments of British India under a Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, or Chief Commissioner as the case might have been.The British imperial policies between and were exemplified by the new laws that gradually became more offensive to the colonists, starting with the Sugar Act and writs of assistance, leading to the Stamp Act, the Townshend duties, and eventually to the nonnegotiable Coercive Acts.
How British Imperial Immigration Policies Created the Ghadar Movement Essay - The Ghadar movement was an Indian Nationalist movement that grew out of a need to destroy the oppressive, Economic, Social, Legal and Racial limits thrust upon the Indian immigrants in the early 20th century North American West Coast.
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EBook PDF KB This. Historians date the beginning of British imperialism in the Middle East to , the year Napoleon invaded Egypt. Concerned that France would block British access to the eastern Mediterranean and thereby threaten critical trade routes to India, the British navy collaborated with Ottoman authorities to evict French troops from Egypt.
Thus the British began their attempts to reform the imperial system.
In , Parliament enacted the Sugar Act, an attempt to raise revenue in the colonies through a tax on molasses. Although this tax had been on the books since the s, smuggling and laxity of enforcement had blunted its sting.
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